Open Access Editorial Article ID: JHCSR-4-119

    Hepatitis C – Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection and the Risk of Cerebro-Cardiovascular Diseases: Is There Enough Evidence to Draw Conclusion and Establish Guideline?

    Muhammad Yusra Firdaus and Ikhwanuliman Putera*

    During the last decade, the link between Human Immunodefi ciency Virus (HIV) infection and cardiovascular disease has received much attention. Recent meta-anaylsis by Islam et al. [1], concluded that HIV infection increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). They found the relative risk (RR)

    of CVD among people living with HIV (PLHIV) was 1.61 (95% CI 1.43-1.81). Despite the introduction of  antiretroviral therapy (ART) which increase survival of PLHIV, ART itself increase the risk of CVD (RR 2,00 95% CI 1,70-2,37) [1]. Management of HIV has shifted from treating the disease to managing complication and chronic condition such as atherosclerosis [2].


    Published on: Jan 27, 2017 Pages: 1-2

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000119
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