Cite this asGokce FS, Gokce AH (2020) A rare cause of acute abdomen: Isolated cecum necrosis; A case report. Arch Gerontol Geriatr Res 5(1): 010-011. DOI: 10.17352/aggr.000017
Isolated cecum necrosis is a very rare condition. The most common symptom is pain in the right lower quadrant. We are presenting a patient who visited the emergency clinic with right lower quadrant pain and subsequently was diagnosed with cecum necrosis during the operation and underwent a right hemicolectomy
Background: Isolated cecum necrosis is a very rare condition . While not precise in etiology, it is mostly detected in patients with chronic renal failure . In the literature, it has been reported that cecum necrosis, which is rarely detected, was also detected in patients with chronic heart diseases, cardiopulmonary bypass and aortitis apart from dialysis patients .
The most common symptom is pain in the right lower quadrant. It can be confused with acute appendicitis and cecum tumor during diagnosis . Therefore, we should consider cecum necrosis in differential diagnosis, especially with elderly patients, where we plan operations due to acute abdomen .
An 87-year-old male patient visited the outpatient clinic for abdominal pain that had been ongoing for 2 days. The patient with a history of trauma 2 days ago had no systemic disease other than hypertension. After physical examination, rebound was found in the right + left lower quadrant of the abdomen. Laboratory values were normal except for the value of C reactive protein of 7 mg / L. In all abdominal ultrasonography it was thought that there could be a perforated appendicitis, although in the entire abdominal tomography it was thought that fl uid and perforated appendicitis could be a possibility (Figure 1). The case was operated with the diagnosis of acute abdomen. Laparoscopically necrosis was detected in the cecum. The cecum and other bowel loops were highly adherent to the surrounding tissues (Figure 2). It was decided to switch to open operation because exploration could not be done properly due to adhesion. The cecum and appendix were necrosis. Right hemicolectomy was performed. Histopathology revealed necrosis in the entire cecum and appendix. No tumor or other pathology were detected. The patient was discharged on the 6th postoperative day without any complications.
The diagnosis of isolated cecum necrosis is diffi cult. In differential diagnosis, acute abdominal causes such as appendicitis, cecum tumor, and diverticulum perforation should be considered . In our case, it was thought that there was a hypoxic nutritional disorder that developed in the colon wall due to trauma. In conclusion, patients with acute abdominal symptoms, anamnesis should be taken well, clinical fi ndings should be evaluated correctly and rare pathologies such as cecum necrosis should be considered. With early diagnosis and early surgery, we wanted to emphasize that isolated cecum necrosis can be healed in most cases.
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