Open Access Research Article Article ID: SSCRT-3-110

    Comparison of 18F-FDG PET/CT and ceCT Results in the Assessment of RCC Recurrence

    Elgin OZKAN*, Mine ARAZ, Cigdem SOYDAL and Gulseren ARAS

    Aim: To compare the results of fl uorine-18 (¹8F) fl uorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and contrast enhanced computed tomography (ceCT) in the assessment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) recurrences when ceCT had suspected lesions for local recurrence and/or distant metastases.

    Methods: A total of 22 patients (14 Male, 8 Female; mean age: 59±9 years) who were referred to perform 18F-FDG PET/CT for restaging of RCC were included in this study. All patients had suspected lesions in thoracal and/or abdominal ceCT for local recurrence and/or distant metastases before PET/CT. A retrospective analysis of the ¹8F-FDG PET/CT results was compared with ceCT results. The compatibility  ratios were calculated and accuracy of the 18F-FDG PET/CT was determined. Aggrement between 18F- FDG PET/CT and ceCT was calculated using kappa statistics.

    Results: The overall concordance rate between the two imaging modalities was 32% (7/22 patients).The rate of concordance for local recurrence was 86% (Kappa:0.67), and for distant metastases was 68%  (Kappa:0.40). Distant metastases were also separately investigated and the two imaging methods showed a concordance of 86% (Kappa:0.70) for distant lymph node, 86% (Kappa:0.67) for lung, 91%  (Kappa:0.64) for liver and 86% (Kappa:0.33) for bone and 95% for spleen.

    Conclusion: 18F-FDG PET/CT is not enough alone in the detection of local recurrence and distant metastases of RCC. On the other hand, evaluation of 18F-FDG PET/CT and ceCT together signifi cantly improves the detection of RCC recurrence. A negative 18F-FDG PET/CT may contribute to exclusion of  suspected metastatic lesions, unless they are milimetric.

    Keywords: Renal cell carcinoma; Recurrent disease, 18F-FDG PET/CT; CeCT

    Published on: Dec 31, 2016 Pages: 1-5

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/sscrt.000010
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