Open Access Case Report Article ID: OJPCH-2-109

    Isolated Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia in Seriously Ill Children – Don’t Forget Sepsis!

    Anirban Mandal* and Amitabh Singh

    Background: Jaundice is frequently associated with extrahepatic systemic infections. The important causes include increased bilirubin levels due to hemolysis, hepatic dysfunction, reduced excretion and cholestasis. Sepsis induced cholestasis has a unique pathophysiologic basis. Although common in gram negative sepsis among neonates, the clinical features of sepsis induced cholestasis are not widely recognized older children.

    Case report: We present a 6 year old, premorbidly asymptomatic boy with community acquired MRSA sepsis-pneumonia and ARDS (Acute respiratory distress syndrome) with isolated conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. A diagnosis of sepsis induced isolated cholestasis was considered after ruling out other possible causes of cholestasis. The hyperbilirubinemia improved with improvement in the primary pathology.

    Conclusion: Early recognition of sepsis as a cause of isolated cholestatic jaundice would avoid unnecessary investigations and therapy would help in early institution of appropriate therapy.

    Keywords: Cholestasis; Jaundice; Pediatric; Pneumonia; ARDS

    Published on: Dec 6, 2016 Pages: 10-12

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/ojpch.000009
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