Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: IJDCR-3-124

    A Study on clinical patterns of mucocutaneous candidiasis in immunosuppressed patients

    Subhashini Mohan*

    Background: Candidasis is the most common superfi cial fungal infection in immunocompromised patients. With the advent of wide spectrum of immunosuppressive drug and increase in HIV patients, there is a change in the epidemiology and clinical presentation of mucocutaneous candidiasis.

    Aim and Objective: This study has been designed to study epidemiology and the common clinical patterns of mucocutaneous candidiasis in immunosuppressed patients.

    Materials and methods: A cross sectional study on epidemiology and clinical patterns of mucocutaneous candidiasis among 100 immunosuppressed patients of all age groups attending Dermatology OPD in a tertiary care center.

    Results: Maximum number of patients were in third and fourth decade. Females were more frequently (73%) affected than males (27%). Type 2 diabetes was the most common cause of immunosuppression followed by steroid intake (20%), cancer patients (10%) and HIV (5%). Oral candidiasis was the frequently observed clinical pattern (48%) followed by vulvovaginal candidiasis (45%), intertriginous lesions on the fingers (2%), toes (2%), and neck (1%). Balanoposthitis was observed in 2% of patients.

    Limitation: small sample size.

    Conclusion: Diabetes was the common cause of immunosuppression. Oral candidiasis was the common clinical pattern observed among them.

    Keywords:

    Published on: Dec 12, 2017 Pages: 32-34

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-8605.000024
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