Open Access Research Article Article ID: IJCEM-2-118

    Hepatitis B Vaccination Rate in Patients with Diabetes: Assessment of Racial and Socioeconomic Disparity

    Ayse Aytaman, Nwakile Ojike, Samantha Zizi, SR Pandi-Perumal, Ismet Lukolic, Amit Bhanvadia, Felix Nwamaghinna, Haroon Kamran, Alla Akivis, Olusegun Bankole, Moro O Salifu and Samy I McFarlane4*

    Introduction: Less hygienic use of blood glucose monitoring equipment such as blood glucose meters, lancets, finger stick devices or other diabetes-care equipment such as syringes or insulin pens by self-administration often exposes the diabetic patient to Hepatitis B infection. This study evaluateshepatitis B vaccination among individuals with diabetes. Methods: The study used data from the 2000-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Vaccination rates among adult individuals with diabetes of various ethnic backgrounds was accessed and compared using chis-square tests. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to compare factors affecting hepatitis B vaccination among individuals with diabetes.

    Results: The crude rate of diabetes in this population was 5.4%. The rate of vaccination among individuals with diabetes differed across racial groups (Asians 31.8% vs. blacks 30.7%; and whites 26.5%; p<0.01). After multivariate regression, the leading factors affecting hepatitis B vaccination included Age (40-60 years) (OR=0.51, 95% CI=0.47-0.57, p<0.01), lack of college education (OR=0.71,95% CI=0.64-0.79, p<0.01), foreign birth (OR=0.83, 95% CI=0.72-0.95, p<0.01) , and Hispanic ethnicity (OR=0.88, 95% CI=0.78-1.00, P<0.05).

    Conclusion: Social and economic factors- education, insurance status, age, poverty level, and place of birth affect rates of vaccination among individuals with diabetes.

    Pubmed link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28638894


    Published on: Dec 30, 2016 Pages: 24-27

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/ijcem.000018
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