Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: IJAFS-8-177

    Effects of inbreeding depression on the success of artificial reproduction in the African catfish Clarias Gariepinus (BURCHELL, 1822)

    Mbaye Tine*, Fatou Ndiaye, Khady Bale, Louis Dossou Magblenou and Malick Aliou Sene

    The objective of this study was to establish an effective method of artificial reproduction and larval rearing to improve the fry production of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus. Thus, a hormonal treatment using ovaprim was used to induce maturity in males and females. Two breeding trials were first conducted on captive populations by crossing a male and female Senegalese strain (♂ss/♀ss), and a male and female Beninese strain (♂bs/♀bs). A third reproduction test was carried out by crossing ♀ss/♂bs and ♂ss/♀bs but for this test, the ♀ss and ♂ss are wild breeders that were collected from the natural environment. For the first two breeding tests (♂ss/♀ss and ♂bs/♀bs, respectively), fertilized eggs either did not hatch or some hatched but the fry did not survive. Although the number of broodstock used in these first two breeding tests is small, this lack of hatching and poor larval survival may reflect inbreeding depression. The third breeding test was successful as females and males, respectively, produced large quantities of eggs (13g of eggs for ♀ss and 32g of eggs for ♀bs) and sufficient quantities of sperm to fertilize the eggs (approximately 12g for the Benin strain and 5g for the Senegal strain). Hatching rates of 90% and 60% were obtained for the ♀ss/♂bs and ♀bs/♂ss breeding’s, respectively, after incubation of fertilized eggs on water hyacinth (natural substrate) and pompon (artificial substrate). Comparisons of growth rates of larvae fed two different diets (combination of natural and artificial food, and artificial food alone) showed that artificial food alone was more effective for growth, especially after one month of rearing. The high larval mortalities recorded especially at the end of the experiment were mainly due to poor water quality. Thus, this study provided a better understanding of the conditions in the hatchery and larval culture systems that are critical to the success of artificial reproduction and optimal growth of C. gariepinus fry.

    Keywords:

    Published on: May 23, 2022 Pages: 45-53

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-8400.000077
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