Open Access Research Article Article ID: GJODMS-7-139

    Validation of a wearable metabolic tracker (Breezing ProTM) for Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) measurement via Douglas bag method

    S Jimena Mora, Stewart Mann, Devon Bridgeman, Ashley Quach, Liliana Balsells, Anselmo Garcia, Mary Laura Lind, Richard Robbins and Xiaojun Xian*

    Background and aims: Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) is one of the most important metabolic parameters since it accounts for 60%-70% of total energy expenditure (TEE) in a typical population and 80%-90% in a sedentary one. Accurate measurement of REE is essential for weight control, nutrition management, and disease treatment. Though metabolic carts, desktop metabolic analyzers, and portable metabolic trackers are available on the market to address certain needs of metabolic rate measurement, a stand-alone and truly wearable metabolic tracker that can provide comfortable and natural breathing experience (e.g. lacking of nose clips and mouthpieces) for nasal and pulmonary disease-restricted users is preferred. Here is featured a novel, wearable, stand-alone and fully integrated metabolic analyzer that overcomes the above-mentioned user experience barriers. The Breezing ProTM determines REE based on the indirect calorimetry method. It measures both oxygen consumption (VO2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO2) rates using integrated colorimetric sensing technology. This work evaluates the accuracy of Breezing ProTM device against the Douglas bag method, considered the gold standard of indirect calorimetry, and validates its functions as the world’s first wearable and fully-integrated metabolic tracker, without the need for wearable accessories such as detector back packs, holders, and shoulder straps compared to other predecessors.

    Methods: A total of 66 healthy subjects under resting conditions were simultaneously tested by Breezing ProTM and the Douglas bag method. The exhalation rate (VE), VO2, VCO2, and REE results from both methods were compared to evaluate the performance of the Breezing ProTM device.

    Results: The comparative correlation plots for VE, VO2, VCO2, and REE indicate a strong correlation between the two methods for measuring the metabolic parameters previously described. R-squared correlation coefficients (R2) between the data obtained were close to 0.9 for all parameters. 

    Conclusions: The accuracy of Breezing ProTM for measuring VE, VO2, VCO2 and REE has been validated using the gold standard Douglas Bag method. The results indicate that Breezing ProTM is reliable for resting metabolic parameters measurements. 


    Published on: Mar 5, 2020 Pages: 1-8

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-8583.000039
    CrossMark Publons Harvard Library HOLLIS Search IT Semantic Scholar Get Citation Base Search Scilit OAI-PMH ResearchGate Academic Microsoft GrowKudos Universite de Paris UW Libraries SJSU King Library SJSU King Library NUS Library McGill DET KGL BIBLiOTEK JCU Discovery Universidad De Lima WorldCat VU on WorldCat


    Global Views

    Case Reports

    Peertechz Tweets

    Pinterest on GJODMS

    Help ? Google Reviews 11