Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: AOR-8-246

    Effect of smoking on status of hearing: A cross-sectional study

    Nandita Gautam*, Shivalingesh KK, Anushtha Kushwaha, Varnika Singh, Siddhant Singh and Shashank Kumar

    Introduction: Smoking is a common tendency among all social classes around the globe, especially in the working population. 

    Objective: To assess the significant link between tobacco and cigarette smoking and its effect on hearing among smokers as there is limited study on this aspect of the Indian population particularly with a high-frequency hearing threshold. 

    Methodology: Cross-sectional study carried out on patients attending the OPD in ENT and Head & Neck Surgery Department of Rohilkhand Medical College & Hospital. The sample size came to be 90. 

    Results: In smokers, there were 72 (80%) males and 18 (20%) females while in the non-smoker group, there were 53 (58.8%) males and 37 (41.11%) females, and 39 (43.3%) subjects belonging to the rural population while 51 (56.7%) subjects belong to an urban population. out of 90 subjects, 43 (30.3%) had cochlear deafness followed by 40 (28.2%) who had normal hearing and 7 (4.9%) had retrocochlear deafness. 

    Conclusion: Tobacco has the power to reduce the ability to hear, mainly causing a sensorineural hearing loss at higher frequencies.

    Keywords:

    Published on: Jul 29, 2022 Pages: 9-13

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-1759.000146
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