Open Access Research Article Article ID: AMS-2-108

    Comprehensive Assessment of Occupational Traumatism of Members of Vessel`s Crew on Transport and Fishing Fleets of the Northern Water`s Basin

    Shapovalov KA* and Shapovalova PK

    Members of vessel`s crew of transport and fi shing fl eets is a professional group of industrial workers

    contingent operating the important links of the economic mechanism of many types of industries. Loss of

    ability to work, disability, and in some cases may be fatal occupational traumas of members of vessel`s

    crew, determine the socio-hygienic and medical nature of the problem and its economic importance.

    The analysis of the provision of medical care in 2216 occupational damages of members of vessel`s

    crew of the Northern Water`s Basin obtained on board of ships of sea transport, river transport and fi shing fl eets.

    Occupational accidents on vessels were 156.4 per 1000 employees, including 198.2 in the sea

    transport ones; 132.9 - river transport and 67.7 - fi shing. Women from among this cohort of industrial

    workers are injured on vessels in 1.8 times less often than men. With increasing production time

    traumatism of members of vessel`s crew sequentially reduced by more than 3.4-fold in patients with

    experience of over 15 years compared persons the fi rst year of operation. The volume of urgent measures

    in vessel`s medical point due to the high frequency of fractures among the victims (60.7), including -

    open (10.7); extensive infected wounds with massive damages of deeply lying tissues (23.7) wearing

    complicated or a combined character. Occupational falls from a height with ladders into the open hold

    or overboard occur with the sailors and minders when performing general vessel`s, cargo-handling and

    mooring work (9%). Proportion damages of members of vessel`s crew in alcoholic intoxication on vessel

    when performing work up to 8% in the total traumatism, including in sea transport fl eet - 9% (18.0); river

    transport - 9% (9.9) and fi sheries ones - 4% (2.8). Deadly accidents of members of vessel`s crew reached

    10% in the overall structure of traumas. Risk factors in the composition of members of vessel`s crew

    of sea and river transport and fi shing fl eets in the Northern Water`s Basin depended of type of work

    performed, special vessel`s affected, drinking of alcohol, sex, age, length of service.

    Keywords: Traumatism, members of vessel`s crew; Sea transport fleet; River transport fleet; Fishing fleet; Northern Water`s Basin; Flight conditions; Fatal traumas; Alcohol; Risk of traumatism; Medical emergency

    Published on: Mar 13, 2018 Pages: 1-8

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/ams.000008
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