Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: AGGR-5-126

    Impact of a COVID-19 outbreak in a long-term care facility in Barcelona, Spain: The role of a COVID-19 prevention and control program

    Gabriel Vallecillo*, Marta Anguera, Noemi Martin, Cristina González, Consol Serra, Juan Pablo Horcajad and Víctor Pérez

    Background: COVID-19 outbreaks in long-term care facilities are a significant impact on infection rates and mortality rates of the residents. The study aimed to describe the effectiveness of a COVID-19 prevention and control (CPC) program in a long-term care facility.

    Methods: A CPC program, including social isolation, active symptoms screening for all residents and staff, SARS-CoV-2 testing for symptomatic individuals, droplet and contact isolation measures for asymptomatic residents, confinement of the unit and clinical care in a separate unit for patients, was implemented in a long-term care facility with two geriatrics and two psychiatric units, with aa total of 300 beds. The attack rate was calculated as the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases divided by the total number of exposed individuals and case fatality rate as the deceased COVID-19 cases divided by the total number of COVID-19 cases.

    Results: Two geriatric (unit-1 and 2) and one psychiatric (unit-4) units were affected by the outbreak. Attack rates were 26/47(55.3%) for unit-1, 15/29(51.7%) for unit-1and 11/46(23.9%) for unit-4. Case fatality rates were 3/25(12.0%) for unit-1 and 2/16 (12.5%) for unit-2 and no patient from the unit-4 died. Among healthcare professionals, total attack rate was 30/124(24.2%) with no differences between units. Viral pneumonia was present in 13(25%) residents and all healthcare professionals had mild COVID-19.

    Conclusions: Timely institution of a CPC program with close monitoring of all exposed individuals are essential to decrease the negative outcomes of COVID-19 outbreaks in long-term care facilities. Droplet and contact isolation for all residents is a useful alternative to wide-facility SARS-CoV-2 testing.

    Keywords:

    Published on: Dec 11, 2020 Pages: 43-47

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/aggr.000026
    CrossMark Publons Harvard Library HOLLIS Search IT Semantic Scholar Get Citation Base Search Scilit OAI-PMH ResearchGate Academic Microsoft GrowKudos Universite de Paris UW Libraries SJSU King Library SJSU King Library NUS Library McGill DET KGL BIBLiOTEK JCU Discovery Universidad De Lima WorldCat VU on WorldCat

    Indexing/Archiving

    Global Views

    Case Reports

    Peertechz Tweets

    Pinterest on AGGR

    Google Reviews 11