Open Access Research Article Article ID: ACG-8-207

    To study the indications of cholecystectomy, types of surgery and complications of surgery in a tertiary care hospital in Nepal

    Narayan Prasad Belbase*, Sagar Khatiwada, Nishnata Koirala, Sushim Bhujel, Hari Prasad Upadhaya and Bikash Shah

    Background: Cholelithiasis is a chronic recurrent disease of the hepatobiliary system and cholecystectomy is one of the commonly performed surgeries. This study intends to evaluate the demographic of patients with cholelithiasis, its various mode of presentation, surgical intervention, and its outcome.

    Methods: This was a quantitative retrospective cross-sectional study conducted in the College of Medical Sciences- a Superspeciality Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Bharatpur, Chitwan in central Nepal. All patients undergoing laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy in the department of GI and General Surgery at the College of Medical Sciences from 1st May 2017 to April 30, 2021were included in the study. Study tools were records of the patients retrieved from the medical record section.

    Results: A total of 355 patients data were analyzed. The mean age of the study samples was 46.43 +/- 16.47 years. Female predominance was seen at 76.18% with M: F ratio of 1:3.18. The most common presenting symptoms were pain abdomen (70.4%), bloating of the abdomen (63.9%), and fatty dyspepsia (46.8%). Acute cholecystitis was seen in 14.36%, biliary pancreatitis in 6.2%, and gallbladder perforation in 2.25% cases. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was done in 269(83.94%), open cholecystectomy in 57(16.05%), and laparoscopic converted into open cholecystectomy 29 in (9.73%). Intra-operative complications like gallbladder perforation and controlled bleeding were seen in 10.14% and 4.23% of cases. Post-operative complications like bile leak and major bile duct injury were seen in 6.19% and 1.40% of cases. Regarding management of bile leak, conservative management was successfully done in 54.54% of cases while they were managed with ERCP in 27.27%, hepaticojejunostomy in 13.63%, and with T-tube repair in 4.5% cases. The overall mortality was 0.8%.


    Published on: Apr 28, 2022 Pages: 20-24

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-2283.000107
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