Future electronics technology is expected to develop from rigid to flexible devices, which requires breakthroughs in materials' properties, especially flexibility, in combination with desirable electrical insulating, semiconducting and metallic properties.
Volume 2 Issue 1 - 2016
Design of Peptide Models for β-Hairpins and Equilibrating Helix-Hairpin Structures
It is well established that synthetic peptides containing a centrally positioned Type-I or Type-II β-turn can form well folded peptide hairpins (1). Earlier studies from this laboratory have established that D-Pro-Xxx segments nucleate β-hairpin structures, with formation of a central Type-II β-turn (2).
Central nervous system (CNS) is vulnerable to various kinds of physical, chemical, metabolic or age-related insults leading to neurodegeneration. Neurodegenerative diseases either caused by aging or following trauma to the CNS results in misery for large number of people across the Globe involving high social costs for them to maintain a good life .
Nanotechnology and Neutraceuticals
This paper provides an insight of some of the growing number of nano-applications being researched and commercialized in nutraceuticals. Recently, number of applications in dairy and food processing, preservation, packaging and development of functional foods have become based on nanotechnology. Several critical challenges, including discovering of beneficial compounds, establishing optimal intake levels, developing adequate food delivering matrix and product formulation including the safety of the products need to be addressed.
Nano-Confined Synthesis of Fullerene Mesoporous Carbon (C60-FMC) with Bimodal Pores: XRD, TEM, Structural Properties, NMR, and Protein Immobilization
Nanoconfined synthesized crystalline fullerene mesoporous carbon (C60-FMC) with bimodal pore architectures of 4.95 nm and 10-15 nm pore sizes characterized by XRD, TEM, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherm and solid-state NMR, and the material was used for protein immobilization. The solid-state 13C NMR spectrum of C60-FMC along with XRD, BET and TEM confirms the formation of fullerene mesoporous carbon structure C60-FMC.
Volume 1 Issue 1 - 2015
Graphene Solar Cells-Will it be the Ultimate Power Converter?
Solar cells or photovoltaic (PV) cells involve the direct conversion of light energy into electrical energy. PV cells are basically p-n junctions made from layers of semiconducting materials. .
LiF-MO (M=Co, Fe, Ni) Nanocomposite Thin Film as Anode Materials for Lithium-ion Battery
To investigate the electrochemical performance of MO (M=Co, Fe, Ni) nanostructures on lithium insertion and extraction, size-controlled LiF-MO nanocomposite thin-film electrodes, consisting of metallic M and M oxide (MO) nanoparticles in an amorphous, inert LiF matrix, were designed and fabricated using a RF sputtering system with metallic M and LiF mixture targets. The structural and electrochemical properties of nanocomposite thin-film electrodes were characterized using TEM, SAED, XRD, XPS, and electrochemical measurements.
Self-Assembly as a Technique for Peptide-Based Materials
Molecular self-assembly is a key function in biology and has been developed as an elegant technique for fabrication of various complex structures and functional materials. Key importance for structural formation in terms of self-assembly is molecular recognition pertaining to intermolecular weak interactions such as hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonds, p-p stacking, electrostatic forces and dipole-dipole interactions etc.
Combined In vitro Effects of TiO2 Nanoparticles and Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) on HepG2 Hepatocytes
Introduction: Professional workers that manufacture or use titanium dioxide (TiO2)-based paints are exposed to potentially toxic TiO2 nanomaterials as well as to different paint solvents such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). In this context, we evaluate the combined cytotoxic effects of TiO2 nanoparticles and DMSO on HepG2 human hepatocytes.
Impetus in Fabrication of Biosensors
A biosensor is an element employed for the detection of an analyte by combining a biological component with a physico-chemical detector component. Biological component can be microorganisms, cell receptors, enzymes, antibodies, nucleic acids. The detector works in a physico-chemical way like electrochemical, optical, piezoelectrical, electrochemical or thermal that transforms the signal resulting from the interaction of the analyte with the biological element into another signal that can be easily measured and quantified.
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